Observe the following dataMonthJANFEBMARAPRMAYJUNJULAUGSEPOCTNOVDECTemperature\[{}^ \circ C\]24.525.727.720.430.032.531.030.229.828.025.924.7Rainfallcm4. Name the driest month with the least amount of rainfall.(ii (2023)

Hint: The question contains some information related to the temperature and the rainfall in twelve months. The information is on the table. By seeing and reading the table we have to give the required solution for the given question. Here we have to find the solution for the three questions.

Complete step by step solution:
A table is an arrangement of data in rows and columns, or possibly in a more complex structure. Tables are widely used in communication, research, and data analysis.
Here the table represents the temperature and rainfall of the respective months
(i) Name the driest month with the least amount of rainfall.
The question is about the less rainfall. If we see the table the least number is 1.3
Therefore, the driest month is march.
(ii) calculate the total annual rainfall experienced by the station.
The annual rainfall is 129.2 cm
(iii) What is the annual range of temperature?
The annual range of temperature is defined as the difference between the highest temperature and the lowest temperature.
Here the highest temperature is \[32.5{}^ \circ C\] and the lowest temperature is \[24.5{}^ \circ C\]
So the difference is
\[ \Rightarrow 32.5{}^ \circ C - 24.5{}^ \circ C = 8{}^ \circ C\]
Therefore the annual range of temperature is \[8{}^ \circ C\]

Note: When the question includes table then the solution will be the table itself. The table is having the data and the question will be the data itself. While simplifying or calculating we use the simple arithmetic operations to determine the solution for the question. The table cannot be formed by us.


How do you calculate wettest and driest month? ›

  1. you can find driest month by seeing rainfall which month is having least rainfall.
  2. see the temperature and note down the first highest and second highest temperature and see which month it is.
  3. arid type o condition can be found by seeing the rainfall.

Which is the driest month in the above mentioned station? ›

Therefore, the driest month is march. (ii) calculate the total annual rainfall experienced by the station.

Which is the hottest month? ›

May: In India, it is the hottest month of the year. The average high temperature lies in the range of 29.4°C (84.9°F) to 42.2°C (108°F).

What is example of climate? ›

Climate is the average of that weather. For example, you can expect snow in the Northeast in January or for it to be hot and humid in the Southeast in July. This is climate. The climate record also includes extreme values such as record high temperatures or record amounts of rainfall.

Which month receives less rainfall and how much? ›

On an average basis, August is referred to as the wettest month while the month of January is the driest. The average amount of annual precipitation is around 210.0 mm (8.27 inches).

How do you calculate monthly rainfall? ›

Monthly precipitation is calculated by summing the daily precipitation for each month. All monthly amounts are then summed and divided by the number of months used in the period (years) selected.

How will you differentiate between cold weather season and hot weather season Class 9? ›

During cold weather season (winter), the sun rays do not fall directly in the region. As a result the temperatures are quite low in northern India. In hot weather season (summer), the sun rays fall directly in the region. Hence, temperature becomes very high.

Which month has heavy rain? ›

Highest rainfall occurs in Bengaluru in the months May, July, August, September and October with highest rainfall being 287, 350.2, 387.1, 516.6 and 522.2 respectively.

What are the 4 weather stations? ›

Home weather stations include hygrometers, pyranometers, thermometers, barographs, and barometers.

Which month is very cold? ›

Coldest month in India is January. Average temperatures in January range from 14 to 25 °C.

Is 2022 the hottest year? ›

NASA scientists conducted a separate but similar analysis, determining that 2022 ranked as Earth's fifth-warmest year on record, tied with 2015. The European Commission's Copernicus website ranked 2022 as the globe's fifth-warmest year on record.

Is the hottest day in the world? ›

According to experts and the Guinness World Records, the hottest temperature recorded in the world (and on Earth) is 56.7C in Death Valley, California in the United States on July 10, 1913.

What are the 7 main climate types? ›

Climate Zones
  • A - Tropical Climates. Tropical moist climates extend north and south from the equator to about 15° to 25° latitude. ...
  • B - Dry Climates. ...
  • C - Moist Subtropical Mid-Latitude Climates. ...
  • D - Moist Continental Mid-Latitude Climates. ...
  • E - Polar Climates. ...
  • H - Highlands.

What is climate change 150 words? ›

Short Essay on Climate Change in English 150 words

Climate change refers to the adverse change in the environment and its impacts on the living organisms on Earth. The climate of Earth has become warmer over the last two million years for which, climate change and global warming is responsible.

What are the 5 major factors that affect climate? ›

Hint:The five main factors which affect the climate of a region are Latitude, Altitude, relief, currents and winds and distance from the sea. Complete answer: Latitude: Climate of a region depends on the latitude where it lies.

What are the four months of rainy season? ›

- Cold Weather Season (Winter) from December to February; - Hot Weather Season (Summer) from March to May; - South-West Monsoom Season (Rainy) from June to September; - Season of Retreating Monsoon (Autumn) from October and November.

On what month does rainy season starts and ends? ›

Using temperature and rainfall as bases, the climate of the country can be divided into two major seasons: (1) the rainy season, from June to November; and (2) the dry season, from December to May.

Which months are called rainy season? ›

There are two monsoons (or rainy seasons) in India. The summer monsoon season in India, otherwise known as the southwest monsoon, which lasts from June to September and affects the whole of India. Then the northeast or winter monsoon brings seasonal rainfall to Southeast India from October to December.

How do you calculate average rainfall per week? ›

  1. Given: Average rainfall on 5 days of a week = 25.5 mm. Rainfall on 6th and 7th day = 43.5 mm and 37.5 mm respectively.
  2. Formula Used: Average rainfall = Total rainfall/no. of days.
  3. Calculation: Sum of rainfall on 5 days = 5 × 25.5. ⇒ 127.5. ...
  4. ∴ The average rainfall for week is 29.78 mm. Download Soln PDF. Share on Whatsapp.

How do you calculate daily rainfall? ›

Find the average volume of rain = Depth x radius x radius x 3.14. Find the area at the top of the bucket (this is the area over which the rain is collected). Divide the rainfall volume by this area to get the rainfall.

What is the formula for calculating average monthly? ›

Once you have all the numbers for each month, add all the numbers together for each month, and then divide them by the total amount of months.

What are the 4 types of seasons and explain the weather in each season? ›

In spring, the weather begins to get warmer and trees and other plants grow new leaves. Summer is the hottest season and has long, usually sunny, days. In the fall, the weather becomes mild and leaves start falling from many types of trees. Winter is the coldest season, with short days.

How do you describe winter season? ›

winter, coldest season of the year, between autumn and spring; the name comes from an old Germanic word that means “time of water” and refers to the rain and snow of winter in middle and high latitudes.

What is the difference between summer season and winter season? ›

Winter typically has cold weather, little daylight, and limited plant growth. In spring, plants sprout, tree leaves unfurl, and flowers blossom. Summer is the warmest time of the year and has the most daylight, so plants grow quickly. In autumn, temperatures drop, and many trees lose their leaves.

What are the 4 types of rain? ›

Types of Rainfall
  • Convectional rainfall.
  • Orographic or relief rainfall.
  • Cyclonic or frontal rainfall.

What country does it rain at 12 months? ›

Papua New Guinea: The rainfall that this country receives in a year is approximately 3,142 mm. The tropical climate is the reason of excessive rainfall which usually happens in the months from December till March as it is the monsoon season.

What are the 7 weather elements? ›

They are temperature, atmospheric pressure, wind, humidity, precipitation, and cloudiness. Together, these components describe the weather at any given time.

What are the 7 weather instruments? ›

Typical instruments
  • Thermometer for measuring air and sea surface temperature.
  • Barometer for measuring atmospheric pressure.
  • Hygrometer for measuring humidity.
  • Anemometer for measuring wind speed.
  • Pyranometer for measuring solar radiation.
  • Rain gauge for measuring liquid precipitation over a set period of time.

What are the 15 weather instruments? ›

Jumping into the topic, let us discuss individual instruments together with their use.
  • Thermometer. We feel sexy chilly. ...
  • Barometer. A barometer is an instrument which measures atmospheric pressure. ...
  • Hygrometer. ...
  • Anemometer. ...
  • Wind Vane. ...
  • Rain Gauge. ...
  • Campbell Stokes Recorder. ...
  • Transmissometer.
May 18, 2019

What month is the coldest in Florida? ›

January is the coolest month of the year in Florida, with average lows of around 49 F (around 10 C) in Orlando. However, temperatures in the middle of the day can hit 74 F in the Florida Keys (around 23 C), making it possible to spend plenty of time exploring the great outdoors.

How cold is too cold for humans? ›

The fingers, nose, ears, toes, cheeks and chin are most vulnerable to frostbite, and should be covered as much as possible. When Is Cold Too Cold? Experts agree that it's best to stay indoors if the temperature falls below zero degrees Fahrenheit or the windchill dips below -18.

Which country is winter now? ›

Among them we have Australia, Antarctica in its entirety, a third of Africa (at the level of Kenya and Madagascar), at the level of the Asian continent a part of Indonesia and some islands outside the continent, also in Oceania the islands of New Zealand, Fiji and New Guinea, which are island countries.

How hot will it be in 100 years? ›

According to the 2017 U.S. Climate Science Special Report, if yearly emissions continue to increase rapidly, as they have since 2000, models project that by the end of this century, global temperature will be at least 5 degrees Fahrenheit warmer than the 1901-1960 average, and possibly as much as 10.2 degrees warmer.

Will 2023 be hotter than 2022? ›

While, 2023 is predicted to be hotter than 2022, there could be new temperature record in 2024. This is because, El Niño climate phenomenon occurs during the winter season of the northern hemisphere and it takes a few months for heating effects to be felt, as per the report.

What was the hottest year on earth? ›

Earth's global average surface temperature in 2020 statistically tied with 2016 as the hottest year on record, continuing a long-term warming trend due to human activities. This graph shows the change in global surface temperature compared to the long-term average from 1951 to 1980.

Where is coldest place on Earth? ›

recorded. The Eastern Antarctic Plateau claims the title of coldest place on Earth. Between 2004 and 2016, satellite data collected across Dome Argus and Dome Fuji, an area around the size of Australia, suggest that air temperatures could be around -94°C.

Do people live in Death Valley? ›

Death Valley is no stranger to heat. Sitting 282 feet below sea level in the Mojave Desert in southeastern California near the Nevada border, it is the lowest, driest and hottest location in the United States. It is sparsely populated, with just 576 residents, according to the most recent census.

What's the hottest city in the world? ›

Dallol, Ethiopia

Dallol holds the official record for highest average temperature for an inhabited place on Earth. From 1960 to 1966, the annual mean temperature of the locality was 34.4 °C (93.9 °F), while the average daily maximum temperature during the same period was recorded as a scorching 41.1 °C (106.0 °F).

Can you describe the 5 types of climates? ›

one of five classifications of the Earth's climates: tropical, dry, mild, continental, and polar.

What are 5 examples of weather conditions? ›

There are numerous different types of weather which can result including rain, snow, wind, frost, fog and sunshine.

What are the 7 factors affecting climate? ›

7 Factors That Influence Climate Change
  • What Factors Affect Climate?
  • #1. Temperature.
  • #2. Humidity.
  • #3. Precipitation.
  • #4. Winds & Ocean Currents.
  • #5. Solar radiation.
  • #6. Topography.
  • #7. Latitude & Elevation.
Apr 18, 2022

What are the 10 causes of climate change? ›

Here are 10 causes of global warming that are contributing to the climate crisis.
  • Waste.
  • Power Plants. ...
  • Oil Drilling. ...
  • Transport and Vehicles. ...
  • Consumerism. ...
  • Farming. ...
  • Industrialization. ...
  • Overfishing. Fish is one of humans main sources of protein and a lot of the world now rely on this industry. ...
Oct 8, 2021

What is climate change Grade 7? ›

Climate change refers to a change in longer term weather patterns including temperature, precipitation and wind. Over the last 300 years, the world has been warming and is predicted to keep warming into the future.

What are the 10 effects of climate change? ›

Effects of Climate Change
  • Hotter temperatures. As greenhouse gas concentrations rise, so does the global surface temperature. ...
  • More severe storms. ...
  • Increased drought. ...
  • A warming, rising ocean. ...
  • Loss of species. ...
  • Not enough food. ...
  • More health risks. ...
  • Poverty and displacement.

What are the 4 major effects of climate change? ›

“Climate change” encompasses global warming, but refers to the broader range of changes that are happening to our planet, including rising sea levels; shrinking mountain glaciers; accelerating ice melt in Greenland, Antarctica and the Arctic; and shifts in flower/plant blooming times.

What are the 4 effects of climate change? ›

More frequent and intense drought, storms, heat waves, rising sea levels, melting glaciers and warming oceans can directly harm animals, destroy the places they live, and wreak havoc on people's livelihoods and communities.

What are the 4 main impacts of climate change? ›

Increased temperatures, drought and water stress, diseases, and weather extremes create challenges for the farmers and ranchers who put food on our tables. Human farm workers can suffer from heat-related health issues, like exhaustion, heatstroke, and heart attacks.

How do you determine a wet and dry year? ›

Meteorologically negative deviation from the mean annual rainfall will create a meteorological stress year (dry year) and positive deviation from the mean annual rainfall will generate a wet year.

How do you calculate rainfall distribution? ›

An example of the complete calculation for a 10-year average monthly rainfall should look like this: 3.2 (inches of rain) + 3.1 + 2.9 + 3.7 + 2.9 + 4.1 + 3.5 + 2.8 + 2.9 + 1.7 = 30.8 inches of rain, divided by 10 years = 3.08 inches of average monthly rainfall.

What is the best equation for forecasting rain? ›

One simple equation used among meteorologists is P = C x A, or the probability of precipitation equals the meteorologist's confidence that it will rain, times the percentage of the area that is expected to get rainfall.

How do you calculate wet days? ›

wet" day are totals of at least 0.01, 0.10, 0.20 and 0.50 inches of rain in 24 hours. The probability of "wet" or "dry" days for specified periods is given in the NCR publication cited. Rainfall probability can be applied to any day during the period.

What month is dry season and wet season? ›

Using temperature and rainfall as bases, the climate of the country can be divided into two major seasons: (1) the rainy season, from June to November; and (2) the dry season, from December to May.

What are the 3 characteristics of dry season? ›

The dry season, which lasts from October to March, is characterized by high temperatures, low humidity, which causes watering holes and rivers to dry up, and low and unpredictable precipitation, resulting in little to no rainfall.

What is the meaning of wet and dry season? ›

The dry season is the period when NRI t is less than or equal to 0 and the wet season is the period when NRI t is greater than 0 as shown in Figure 2. By this definition, the dry season means the water shortage period while the wet season means the excess period. ...

How to calculate rainfall intensity from monthly rainfall data? ›

Rainfall intensities can be accurately measured by means of a continuously recording autographic rain gauge. It is also possible to time the length of individual rainstorms and to calculate the average intensities by dividing the measured rainfall depths by the corresponding duration of the storms.

How do you calculate stormwater runoff volume? ›

Calculate the volume of water (gallons) running off your roof in a 1-inch rain storm:
  1. For every 100 square feet of roof surface, one inch produces 62 gallons of water.
  2. Area of your roof x . 62 = volume of water.

What is 5 minute rainfall intensity? ›

Similarly, if the rainfall collected over a 5-minute duration is 0.75 in. (19 mm), the rainfall intensity is stated as a 5-minute, 9-in./hr (230-mm/hr) rainfall (0.75 in. × [60 min./5 min.]).

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